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For other uses, see Formosan languages, Taiwanese Mandarin, and Languages of Taiwan.
Spoken in: Taiwan
Region: The whole of Taiwan and overseas Taiwanese communities
Total speakers: About 15 million in Taiwan; 49 million (Min Nan as a group)
Ranking: 21 (Min Nan as a group)
Language family: Sino-Tibetan
Writing system: Latin (pe̍h-ōe-jī), Hanzi
Official language in: None. Legislative bills have been proposed for it to be one of the national languages in the Republic of China (Taiwan). It is one of the statutory languages for public transport announcements in the ROC .
Regulated by: National Languages Committee (Ministry of Education, ROC). Some NGOs such as the Tâi-oân Lô-má-jī Hia̍p-hoē are influential.
ISO 639-1: zh
ISO 639-2: chi (B) zho (T)
ISO 639-3: nan
This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode.
Taiwanese (pe̍h-oē-jī: Tâi-oân-oē or Tâi-gí; traditional Chinese: 臺灣話, 臺語; pinyin: Táiwānhuà, Táiyǔ) is a variant of Amoy Min Nan Chinese spoken by about 70 % of Taiwan's population. The largest ethnic group in Taiwan for which Taiwanese is considered a native language is known as Hoklo or Holo (Hō-ló). The correspondence between language and ethnicity is generally true though not absolute, as some Hoklo speak Taiwanese poorly while some non-Hoklo speak Taiwanese fluently. Pe̍h-oē-jī (POJ) is a popular orthography for this language, and Min Nan in general.